10 Team Building Activities for the Norming Stage

If these changes – and their resulting behaviors – are recognized and addressed directly, teams may successfully remain in the Performing stage indefinitely. This step was added to the existing model of group development by Tuckman in 1977. Having fun together can be an often overlooked element of team development. Seeing your colleagues as more than their job roles is something that should happen in the early stages of the Forming process but it’s important to keep engaging these muscles.

norming phase of team development

The official team leader takes a back seat much more than in the previous stages, and the individual team members are given their chance to shine. To illustrate the 5 stages of team development, let’s look at the example of Daisy, Adam, Daniel, Mark, and Stella. The 5 of them are neighbors and they just moved to the countryside. During the norming stage of https://globalcloudteam.com/ group development, groups primarily confront the conflict ↔ cohesion dialectic and the leadership ↔ followership dialectic. Bormann’s secondary tension has similar characteristics to the behavior of members during Tuckman’s storming stage of group development. Lastly, group members should consistently get feedback from their leaders as well as colleagues.

The team may find that this is an appropriate time for an evaluation of team processes and productivity. By this time, the group has worked closely with one another and has developed relationships; it’s natural for feelings of insecurity to arise and for some to even feel threatened by the change. This stage is aptly named, as it is here that tensions first arise. Here, team members are starting to speak their minds and solidifying their places within the group, which means that power struggles may arise and cliques may form within the group.

As we go along, we will explain each of these stages in greater detail. They are norming when they have learned how to work together, creating a sense of normalcy. When they are storming, they are working together to come up with ideas. Clockify is a time tracker and timesheet app that lets you track work hours across projects. Here’s how to create a restaurant budget that works for your business….

Communication in the Workplace Crossed wires and missed connections – good communication among teams is tablestakes for effective teamwork. Get best practices and sound advice on how to create understanding and work together better. These stages are steps in the team building process and are similar to team building best practices.

Stage #1 — The Forming Stage

Such issues can relate to things like the group’s tasks, individual roles, and responsibilities or even to the group members themselves. More dominant group members emerge while other, less confrontational members stay in the comfort and security of suppressing their feelings just as they did in the previous stage. Even though these individuals stay quiet, issues may still exist.

Members may disagree on team goals, and subgroups and cliques may form around strong personalities or areas of agreement. To get through this stage, members must work to overcome obstacles, to accept individual differences, and to work through conflicting ideas on team tasks and goals. Supervisors of the team during this phase are almost always participating. Even the most high-performing teams will revert to earlier stages in certain circumstances.

  • Each one encouraging the team to reflect and analyse a different and crucial element of their behaviour.
  • One of the main characteristics of teams in the forming phase is goal confusion, which the Product Backlog directly addresses.
  • Accepting each other’s differences and valuing each other’s opinions means that they can now naturally enjoy working in a team together.
  • Learning how to handle dissonance early strengthens a team and readies teammates to overcome more complex challenges with grace.
  • The team may find that this is an appropriate time for an evaluation of team processes and productivity.

Self-assessment is an important part of the team development process and using a structured framework can help ensure a productive conversation that doesn’t overspill or create further conflict. The learnings from this activity can then be used to resolve issues, strengthen the group and help move the team from Norming to Performing. Storming can be a difficult to manage part of the process, as it’s often where conflict, differences of opinion, and accepted norms can be challenged.

Using the Stages of Team Development

Swarming is a sometime behavior, in contrast to mob programming, which can be thought of as swarming all the time. Initially, encourage each group member to share the key strengths that they can utilize for their team’s success. Then, ask the teams to assume that they have a “virtual teammate” with all these strengths. By the end of the norming stage and just before beginning the next stage , teams should accomplish the following 4 key tasks. Reaching the performing stage is a matter of continuing to nurture the team’s strengths and resolve any remaining issues. Setting communication expectations can be as simple as an outline for how and when teammates should reach out and who they should reach out to depending on the nature of the communication.

norming phase of team development

It’s important to remember that not all teams will linearly go through these stages, and it’s okay for teams to revisit earlier stages as needed. The key is to remain flexible and adaptive in your approach to team management, always keeping the team’s needs and objectives in mind. Some teams reach a stage of development in which they thrive at their individual and collective tasks. The skills of each member are fully optimized, supervision is almost never needed, and members feel a strong sense of trust in one another.

Stages of Group Development with Examples

With the group working harmoniously and the structure having been established, there is no real need for a single external leader, and the original leader takes a background role. While all phases of team building are important, many leaders consider storming to be the most important stage of team development. During the storming stage, team members encounter initial obstacles and master conflict resolution. This is one of the most crucial points for building trust and forming resilient relationships.

norming phase of team development

This combination of internal and external reflection strengthens communication, productivity, and well-being within the team. A team is a group of individuals who work together toward a common goal. Each member of a team is valuable to the common goal in their own way, using a unique four stages of group development set of skills to fulfill a team role. And yet, everyone on the team shares the same orientation and attitude. Though this may sound easy on paper, balancing individual and common goals within a team is quite difficult, especially during periods of stress, failure, or discord.

Norming stage

Interpersonal differences begin to be resolved, and a sense of cohesion and unity emerges. Team performance increases during this stage as members learn to cooperate and begin to focus on team goals. However, the harmony is precarious, and if disagreements re-emerge the team can slide back into storming.

norming phase of team development

„With group norms and roles established, group members focus on achieving common goals, often reaching an unexpectedly high level of success.“ By this time, they are motivated and knowledgeable. The team members are now competent, autonomous and able to handle the decision-making process without supervision. Dissent is expected and allowed as long as it is channelled through means acceptable to the team. „Resolved disagreements and personality clashes result in greater intimacy, and a spirit of co-operation emerges.“ This happens when the team is aware of competition and they share a common goal.

Definition of Done

Members start to feel part of a team and can take pleasure from the increased group cohesion. Reaching the performing stage is a major success and often precipitates some form of team learning. Team learning is a behavioral process of seeking, gathering, discussing, and implementing methods of team success. Whether through training, group initiative, or innovative leadership, team learning is an action step that ensures healthy team development.

Stage #3 — The Norming Stage

Celebrate the successes of the project and openly discuss any issues team members ran into and how they were addressed. When you use Personio, you can learn how to properly document feedback, so you have the time to focus on substantive results. Identify any issues between team members as early as possible to help alleviate the tension.

Learning Outcomes

With this method, you can invite your group to identify small changes they can make now and work towards better working practices as both individuals and a team. A large part of moving from Norming to Performing is empowering the members of your team to do work that excites and engages them individually as well as a group. Even when a team is performing at a high standard, there are often opportunities for individual action and proactivity that can help maintain growth and keep everyone in a group happy.

In this stage, team members attempt to stand out and gain acceptance from the rest of the group, while it is not uncommon for conflict to arise due to the clash of characters or personalities within the group. As differences arise, there is more strife and a need for leadership in this stage. Additionally, the group members may challenge the group’s purpose and the motives or capabilities of others and will even go as far as to challenge the leadership of the group.

They may also take on more self-management activities and may look for ways to improve their skills. The Tuckman model describes the phases that groups of individuals go through when they first begin working together as a team. In the first phase, Forming, teams are uncertain about the team goals and how to work together. In the second phase, Storming, teams challenge boundaries and get to know each other and how to work together. In the Norming phase, teams become more comfortable with each other and more familiar with their processes.

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